Embarking upon the fertile realms of agricultural evolution, the seed program emerges as a pivotal force in the agrarian narrative.
Only varieties notified under Section-5 of the Seeds Act, 1966 earn the coveted eligibility for certification.
The journey from breeder seed to certified seed involves rigorous adherence to protocols. Breeder seeds, under the direct control of the originating or sponsoring plant breeder, pave the way for foundation seeds. The latter, the offspring of breeder seeds, must conform to certification standards. Certified seeds, in turn, derive from foundation seeds, ensuring the maintenance of genetic identity and purity.
Certified seeds may also stem from certified ones, yet not exceeding three generations beyond foundation seed stage-I. This exception arises in cases of genuine shortages despite earnest efforts by the seed producer. However, seeds produced under this circumstance are ineligible for further multiplication under certification, a fact clearly marked on their certification tags.